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2020考研英语:词汇的常见词组(一)

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2019-11-30 16:25

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  考研英语有许多题目组成,方便大家及时了解,下面由出国五分排列五—5分排列3网小编为你精心准备了“2020考研英语:词汇的常见词组(一)”,持续关注本站将可以持续获取更多的考试资讯!

  2020考研英语:词汇的常见词组(一)

  1.abide by(=be faithful to obey)忠于;遵守

  2.absorb(=take up the attention of)吸引…的注意力(被动语态):be absorbed in 全神贯注于…近: be engrossed in be lost in be rapt in be concentrated on be focused on be centered on

  3.(be) abundant in(be rich in be well supplied with) 富于,富有

  4.by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外.Without accident(=safely) 安全地

  5.of one's own accord(=without being asked willingly freely)自愿地 ,主动地

  6.in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照

  7.on one’s own account(1).为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益 (2).(=at one’s own risk 自行负责 (3).(=by oneself)依靠自己

  on account 赊账 on account of 因为 on no account不论什么原因也不

  of no/little account 不重要的.

  8.take…into account(=consider)把...考虑进去

  9.give sb. an account of 说明, 解释 (理由)

  10. account for 1)解释, 说明; 2)占…比例

  11.on account of (=because of) 由于,因为

  12.on no account(=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句子要倒装)

  13.accuse…of…(=charge…with blame sb. for sth. blame sth. on sb. complain about) 指控,控告

  14.be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于.

  15.be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解 (=to have met socially) 熟悉

  16.act on 奉行,按照…行动 act as 扮演 act for 代理

  17.adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于

  18.adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要)

  19.in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之

  20.in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外

  21.adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, persist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附 坚持, 遵循

  22.adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的

  23.adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节 适应

  24.admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可能,留有…的余地.

  25.in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先.

  26.to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地.

  27.have an advantage over 胜过.have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件

  have the advantage of sb.知道某人所不知道的事

  28.take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用.

  29.agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意

  30.in agreement (with) 同意, 一致

  31.ahead of 在…之前, 超过 ahead of time 提前.

  32.in the air (1)不肯定, 不具体. ( 2)在谣传中.

  33.above all (=especially, most important of all) 尤其是, 重要的.

  34.in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether) 总共, 总计

  35.after all 毕竟,到底 (not) at all 一点也不 all at once(=suddenly)突然 once and for all 只此一次 above all 重要的 first of all 首先 all in all 大体上说 be all in 累极了 all but 几乎.

  36.allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到.

  37.amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于.

  38.answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 对…负责.

  39.answer to (=conform to) 适合,符合.

  40.be anxious about 为…焦急不安 或anxious for

  41.apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉

  42.appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力

  43.apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请 apply for申请 apply to 适用.

  44.apply to 与…有关适用

  45.approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right)

  赞成, approve vt. 批准

  46.arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起.

  47.arrange for sb./sth. to do sth. 安排…做…

  48.arrive on 到达 arrive at 到达某地(小地方)得出,作出 arrive in 到达某地(大地方)

  49.be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done) 以…为羞耻

  50.assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.) 向…保证, 使…确信.

  51.attach(to) (=to fix, fasten join) 缚, 系 ,结

  52.make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.) 试图做…

  53.attend to (=give one’s attention, care and thought)注意,照顾attend on(upon)

  (=wait upon, serve, look after) 侍候,照料

  54.attitude to/ toward …对…的态度.看法

  55.attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把..归因于.., 认为..是..的 结果

  56.on the average (=on average, on an average) 平均

  57.(be) aware of (=be conscious of , having knowledge or consciousness)意识到,知道.

  58.at the back of (=behind) 在…后面

  59.in the back of 在…后部(里面) on the back of 在…后部(外面) be on one’s back(=be ill in bed) 卧病不起.

  60.at one’s back(=supporting or favoring sb.) 支持,维护 have sb. at one’s back 有…支持, 有…作后台

  61.turn one’s back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an impolite way) 不理睬(某人),背弃,抛弃

  62.behind one’s back 背着某人(说坏话)

  63.be based on / upon 基于

  64.on the basis of 根据…, 在…基础上

  65.beat…at 在…运动项目上打赢

  66.begin with 以…开始. to begin with (=first of all) 首先, 第一(经常用于开始语)

  67.on behalf of (=as the representative of) 以…名义

  68.believe in(=have faith or trust in consider sth./sb. to be true) 相信,依赖,信仰.

  69.benefit (from) 受益,得到好处.

  70.for the benefit of 为了…的利益(好处)

  71.for the better 好转

  72.get the better of (=defeat sb.) 打败, 胜过.

  73.by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统 at birth 在出生时 give birth to 出生

  74.blame sb. for sth. 因…责备某人 blame sth. on sb. 把…推在某人身上

  75.in blossom开花(指树木) be in blossom开花(强调状态) come into blossom开花(强调动作)

  76.on board 到船上, 在船上, 上火车或飞机

  77.boast of (or about) 吹嘘

  78.out of breath 喘不过气来

  79.in brief(=in as few words as possible)简言之

  80.in bulk 成批地,不散装的

  81.take the floor 起立发言

  82.on business 出差办事.

  83.be busy with sth.忙于某事 be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事

  84.last but one 倒数第二.

  85.but for (=without) 要不是. 表示假设

  86.buy sth. for…money 用多少钱买

  87.be capable of 能够, 有能力 be capable of being +过去分词:是能够被…的

  88.in any case(=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost, whatever happens anyhow)无论如何

  89.in case (=for fear that) 万一

  90.in case of (=in the event of)如果发生…万一 in the case of 至于…, 就…而言

  91.in no case在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句)

  92.be cautious of 谨防

  93.center one’s attention on(=focus one’s attention on) 把某人的注意力集中在…上

  94.be certain of (=be sure of) 有把握, 一定.

  95.for certain of (=for sure )肯定地,有把握地

  96.by chance(=accidentally, by accident)偶然

  97.for a change换换环境(花样等)

  98.charge sb. with …控告某人犯有…

  99.in charge of (=responsible for) 负责(某事) in the charge of …由…管

  100.take charge of (=to be or become responsible for)负责管理(照顾)

  2020考研英语:谚语词汇的解析

  1、眼见为实 seeing is believing.

  2、人生苦短,学艺无穷 art is long, life is short.

  3、三思而后行 look before you leap

  4、有其父必有其子 like father, like son.

  5、再晚也不迟 better later than never.

  6、条条大路通罗马 all roads leads to Rome.

  7、并非闪光的都是金子 all that glitters is not gold.

  8、种瓜得瓜种豆得豆 as you sow, so shall you reap.

  9、物以类聚 birds of a feather flock together.

  10、不劳无获 no pains no gains.

  11、入乡随俗 when in Rome, do as Romans do.

  12、那恰是我所喜欢的 it's my cup of tea.

  13、一日一苹果,医生远离我 an apple a day, keeps the doctor away.

  14、患难见真情 a friend in need is a friend indeed.

  15、少壮不努力,老大徒伤悲 a young idler, an old beggar

  16、熟能生巧 practice makes perfect.

  17、一分耕耘一分收获 no sweet without sweat.

  18、时间就是金钱 time is money.

  19、欲速则不达 haste makes waste.

  20、说起来容易做起来难 easier said than done.

  21、人各有所好 every man has his taste.

  22、物极必反 extremes meet.

  23、活到老学到老 live and learn.(never too old to learn.)

  24、事出必有因 nothing comes of nothing.

  25、光荣之路常坎坷 the path to glory is always rugged.

  26、失败是成功之母 failure is the mother of success.

  27、江山易改本性难移 a leopard cannot change his spots.(the fox changes his kill but not his habits.)

  28、礼尚往来 give and take.

  29、知足常乐 content is happiness.

  30、言出必行 so said, so done.

  31、光阴似箭 time flies.

  32、忍耐是美德 patience is virtue.

  33、天下无不散之筵席 the best of friends must part.

  34、经一事长一智 it's easy to wise after the event.

  35、少说少错 least said soonest mended.

  36、诚实为上策 honesty is the best policy.

  37、切莫半途而废 never do things by halves.

  38、积少成多 many a little makes a mickle.

  39、人人为我我为人人 all for me, one for all.

  40、思考就是明白 to think is to see.

  41、时间就是生命 time is life.

  42、个人力量,微不足道 one man, no man.

  43、学习时学习,娱乐时娱乐 study while you study, play while play.

  44、没有学识就是盲人 without learning, without eyes.

  45、好心有好报 good mind, good find.

  46、得饶人处且饶人 forgive others whenever you can.

  47、爱屋及乌 love me, love my dog.

  48、行动比语言有力 actions speak louder than words.

  49、年华不虚度,生命自悠长 life is long, if it is full.

  50、既来之则安之 take things as they come.

  51、岁月不待人 time and tide wait for no one.

  52、美德胜于美观 virtue is fairer than beauty.

  53、不能人人都第一 all men cannot be first.

  54、一切皆有可能 nothing is impossible.

  55、自力更生 let's do it by yourselves.

  56、记住:面带微笑 remember: keep smile on your face.

  57、好书如挚友 a good book is a good friend.

  58、良好的开端是成功的一半 a good beginning is half done.

  59、覆水难收 don't cry over split milk.

  60、不要泄露秘密 don't put the cat out of the bag.

  61、不要本末倒置 don't put the cat before the horse.

  62、三个和尚没水吃 everybody's business is nobody's business.

  63、英雄所见略同 great minds think alike.

  64、好事多磨 good things never come easy.

  65、胜者为王败者为寇 losers are always in the wrong.

  66、隔墙有耳 walls have ears.

  67、人无知如房无基 a man without knowledge is like a house without a foundation.

  68、今日事今日毕 don't put off till tomorrow what should be done today.

  69、风暴使树木深深扎根 storms make trees take deeper root.

  70、浅溪声喧,静水深流 shallow streams make most din, still waters run deep.

  71、困难像弹簧,你弱它就强 problems loom large when men don't

  72、知识就是力量 knowledge is power.

  73、脸红是美德的颜色 blushing is virtue's color.

  74、好奇甚至比勇敢更能战胜恐惧 curiosity will conquer fear even more than bravery will.

  75、观察是最好的老师 observation is the best teacher.

  76、离远而情疏 far from eye, far from heart.

  77、好书胜益友 there is no friend so faithful as a good book.

  78、天网恢恢疏而不漏 justice has long arms.

  79、样样皆通,样样稀疏 jack of all trades, master of none.

  80、过去的就让它过去吧 let bygones be bygones.

  81、众口难调 it's hard to please all.

  82、吃一堑长一智 wisdom comes after suffering.

  83、千里之行始于足下 the greatest things must have the smallest beginning.

  84、病时才知健康好 in sickness health is known.

  85、机不可失失不再来 opportunity seldom knocks twice.

  86、不入虎穴焉得虎子 nothing ventured, nothing gained.

  87、树大招风 tall trees catch much wind.

  88、人多心不齐 several men, several minds.

  89、师父引进门修行在个人 you can lead a horse to water, but you can't make him drink.

  90、物莫若新,友莫若故 everything is good when new, but friends when old.

  91、杯满盈,需持稳 a full cup must be carried steadily.

  92、懒惰是万恶之源 idleness is the root of all evil.

  93、流水不腐户枢不蠹 drawn walls are seldom dry.

  2020考研英语:阅读典型词汇

  名词

  Africa(非洲)

  America(美国、美洲)

  Antarctica(南极洲)

  Asia(亚洲)

  Australia(澳大利业,澳洲)

  Europe(欧洲)

  North America(北美洲)

  Oceania(南美洲)

  South America(大洋洲)

  形容词

  African(非洲人,非洲的)

  American(美国人,美洲人,美国的,美洲的)

  Antarctic(南极的,南极地带的)

  Asian(亚洲的,亚洲人的,亚洲人)

  Australian(澳洲的,澳大利亚的,澳大利亚人的)

  European(欧洲的,欧洲人的,欧洲人)

  North American(北美洲的)

  Oceanic(海洋的,海洋产出的,生活于海洋的)

  South American(南美洲的)

  推荐阅读:

  2020考研英语:常见词组解析(七)

  2020英语考研:常见词汇的解析

  2020考研英语:常见词汇冲刺指导


考研英语大纲 考研英语词汇 英语作文万能句子 考研英语真题 考研英语作文 考研复试英语

  想了解更多考研英语网的资讯,请访问: 考研英语

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